Susan Talbot-Stanaway is retired Director of the Zanesville Museum of Art. She is an art historian, concentrating on American Art, and has curated over 500 exhibitions. Recently her research and curatorial efforts have focused on World War I posters, American illustrators, and contemporary art quilts.
Ohio Women in Wartime, 1917-1945
In two World Wars, Ohio women entered new roles in the workplace and adapted to activities at home that would make a major contribution to America’s success on the battlefield. Their achievements led to the granting of Suffrage in Ohio in 1920. In both wars, Ohio women pulled on the uniforms of nurse, Navy, and Marines. Women gained leadership in community activities, employment in factory work, war gardens, in baking without wheat flour, and supporting soldiers and soldiers’ families. Women, including women of color, took advantage of new opportunities in education, professions, and industry, though overall discrimination did not markedly decrease. This talk will cover change in attitude, culture, beliefs, and law in Ohio, using original photographs, narratives, and war posters. Short biographies of several truly remarkable Ohio women will be included.
World War 1 Posters: For the Hearts and Minds of Ordinary People
Pres. Woodrow Wilson’s re-election campaign song in 1916 was entitled, “Elect Wilson, He Kept Us out of War.” However, on April 6, 1917, at Wilson’s urging, the United States Congress declared war against Germany. Only a few hours later, one of Wilson’s most energetic campaign backers, George Creel, urged Wilson to develop means to engage the war on the home front through “expression, not suppression.” The objectives were to unify people of all ages and backgrounds, including millions of immigrants, to motivate young men to enlist and women to abandon their traditional roles and become war workers. From the point of view of Ohio history, this presentation will describe the posters as works of art and propaganda, the artists who created them, how posters established new American heroes and heroines, and their lasting importance in national history.
World War 1 on the Ohio Home Front: “Your Country Calls!”
From 1917 through 1919, thousands of Ohio men and women engaged in the battles of the “Great War.” At home, in community organizations, on the farm, and in the workplace, Ohioans were exposed to new roles, new beliefs, and a new sense of national unity. People, young or old, were urged to support the families of soldiers, to purchase war bonds and stamps, to dig and tend Victory Gardens, to undergo the hardships of rationing, and to report spies and hate the “Hun.” Ohio women, many of whom were already suffragettes, entered the workplace for the first time, supported wartime charities, and joined organizations like the Women’s Land Army. Ohio manufacturers and their employees, shifted to producing munitions, dramatically increased their work forces; some actively recruited African Americans from the South to operate assembly lines. Immigrants from overseas were exposed to programs that would “Americanize” them. This presentation will explore how Ohioans participated in the Great War and how participation shaped important social and political changes.
Ohio Painters Paint Ohio History: 1845-1945
Since before the Civil War, Ohio painters have recorded the ever-changing landscapes and peoples of Ohio. These works of art chronicle wars, peace, prosperity, urbanization, industrialization, the challenges of immigration, and tensions between black and white. Artists like Sala Bosworth, Henry Mosler, Charles Webber, Carl Gaertner, and Clyde Singer pictured Ohio history with precision, clarity, and with greater impact than any textbook. This presentation will feature treasured paintings from Ohio museums and private collections.
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